By LAURENT MUCCHIELLI, Sociologist, research director at the CNRS (Mediterranean Laboratory of Sociology).
A study by Public Health France shows that the increase in the number of daily contaminations had ceased before the date of the second confinement in the most affected departments. The health effectiveness of this type of measure has never been demonstrated in the long term. On the contrary, the societal effects could prove disastrous.
By Jean-François TOUSSAINT, Professor at Paris Descartes University
Santé Publique France (SPF) posts figures every day, the analysis of which constitutes an instrument for monitoring the pandemic in France. The agency also produces studies that are very useful for understanding socio-health phenomena and their environment.
A recently published study examines the two-week curfew and questions their effect. The curfew was introduced from October 17, 2020, 9 a.m. in the metropolises of 16 departments of the PACA, Occitanie, Hauts de France, Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes and Ile de France regions (G1 group: departments: 13, 31 , 34, 38, 42, 59, 69, 75 to 78, and 91 to 95), or 24 million inhabitants. On October 24, it was extended for a week to 38 departments (group G2: 01, 05 to 10, 12, 14, 2A, 2B, 21, 26, 30, 35, 37, 39, 43, 45, 48, 49, 51, 60, 62 to 67, 71, 73, 74, 81 to 84, 87), i.e. 21 million inhabitants). The remaining 42 departments have 19 million inhabitants and have not experienced a curfew: they constitute the G3 group (in Overseas, this was only established in French Polynesia).