DRC: A government of 66 ministers and challenges

The DRC has achieved a peaceful democratic transition against all odds. Will the agreement between the former and the new president stand up to political, financial and mining issues? 

After more than 7 months of gestation, the first government of President Félix Tshisekedi was announced Monday, August 26, 2019. Constituted by a coalition of political parties, including the Common Front for Congo (FCC), pro-Kabila platform and the Cap for Change (Cach), the team led by the prime minister, Sylvestre Ilunga Ilunkamba, includes 66 ministers. Among these personalities, 42 are from the ranks of the Common Front for Congo (FCC), the platform pro-kabila, a percentage of 64%. And on the side of the cap for change (Cach) President Felix Tshisekedi, there are 23, or 35% of the total number.

The first remark is that the new government consists mainly of pro kabila, from the majority in the Congolese Parliament. In this new government team, we can note the presence of some men of confidence of President Kabila in this case Azarias Ruberwa Manywa.

The latter inherits from the Ministry of Decentralization and Customary Affairs. As for Thomas Luhaka he was entrusted with the Ministry of Higher Education. Another close to Kabila, Celestin Tunda, who occupies the portfolio sovereignty of Minister of Justice.

For the current strong man of Kinshasa, three of his close associates are promoted to the strategic positions of the Minister of Hydrocarbons, Interior and Budget. They are respectively Rubens Mikindo, Gilbert Kankonde and Jean Baudouin Mayo.

The other big thing is that the number of women in this government is 11, or 17%. Also note that the Ministry of Finance, very strategic returns to José Sele Yalaghuli. The new state treasurer is considered to be very close to former Prime Minister Matata Ponyo.

Now that the new government is formed, the DRC will face three major challenges of its economy namely, economic diversification, growth and revision of the mining code.

The DRC, whose economy is heavily dependent on mineral resources, is often the victim of the collapse of world commodity prices. Regarding growth, the country recorded a decline of 0.9% (4.9% in 2019 against 5.8% in 2018).

For its mining code, Kinshasa has the obligation to revise it because until now stakeholders still can not take advantage of its mineral resources consisting mainly of lead, zinc, cadmium, diamond, gold, tin, tungsten and of manganese.

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